This is an old picture taken before the pandemic

A widely shared picture purports to show food earmarked for distribution to families in Rwanda ahead of a coronavirus lockdown. This is false; the image has been circulating online since at least May 2019. Former World Bank chief Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was among those who fell for the hoax, sharing the photo with her 1.1 million Twitter followers. 

A post shared hundreds of times on Facebook, archived here, claims that the picture shows food parcels that Rwandan President Paul Kagame "is handing over to each family for telling them to stay at home”. The post asks readers to forward the message to Nigerian leader Muhammadu Buhari.

A screenshot taken on April 9, 2020, showing the misleading post

Similar posts have been shared on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter in Nigeria, as well as in news reports

Ramadan in The Gambia?

A reverse image search revealed the photo has been circulating online since at least May 2019 -- months before the virus emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan last December.

Facebook posts claim the image shows food donations in The Gambia during the holy month of Ramadan. Posts archived here, here, and here show more pictures from the food distribution.

AFP also found this video from May 2019 showing people walking around the food parcels. A male voice-over in French says a Gambian man named Cheikh Alhadj Ibrahima Silla donated the food to the local Muslim community for the holy month of Ramadan.

AFP is working to verify the claim that the footage was taken in The Gambia in May 2019.

Former World Bank MD falls for the hoax

A few days after the posts began making the rounds online, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, former managing director of the World Bank and two-time finance minister in Nigeria, shared the picture with the caption: “Responsible food distribution with social distancing to assist lower income households in the #COVID19 era! A great example from #Rwanda where community workers also distribute food and other necessities door-to-door”.

Her posts were shared more than 4,500 times on Facebook and Twitter.

Hours after posting the misleading tweet, Okonjo-Iweala tweeted that she had been misled by a friend.

Rwanda and Nigeria have recorded hundreds of cases of the novel coronavirus disease, known as COVID-19. While Rwanda has ordered a nationwide lockdown, Nigeria has shut down two major states -- Lagos and Ogun -- and the Federal Capital Territory.

Rwanda has indeed formulated a social protective plan for the delivery of free food to at least 20,000 households in the capital Kigali.