These photos have circulated since 2017 in reports about pro-Punjabi language demonstrations

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A collage of photos showing men blackening Hindi and English text on traffic signs has been shared hundreds of times in multiple posts on Facebook and Twitter in January 2021 alongside a claim it shows Sikh farmers protesting against the Hindi language. The claim is misleading; the photos have circulated since 2017 in reports about activists in the Indian state of Punjab showing their support for the Punjabi language.

The collage was published on Facebook here on January 9, 2021.

Screenshot of misleading Facebook post

The post’s Hindi-language caption translates to English as: “They are pursuing Khalistani agenda under the pretext of farmers protest. The true face [of the protests] is now being revealed. They demolished telecommunication towers and are now opposing Hindi language in Punjab. They are now speaking against Hindi language after having spoken out against India, Indian and Indian industrialists.”

Khalistan is a Sikh political ideology that calls for an independent homeland for Indian Sikhs.

"Farmers’ protest" refers to widespread demonstrations by Indian farmers against new agriculture laws introduced by the central government, as AFP reported here.

The caption refers to the vandalisation of mobile network towers, allegedly by protesting farmers, in the northern states of Punjab and Haryana, as reported here by the Hindustan Times.

The collage was also shared alongside a similar claim on Facebook here, here, here and here and on Twitter here, here, here and here.

The claim, however, is misleading.

A Google keyword search found a similar set of images was published on YouTube here by India TV news on October 25, 2017, almost three years before the Indian farmers’ protest began.

“Radicals group blacken Hindi signboards at Punjab highway,” the video’s description reads.

Other photos showing the same group of pro-Punjabi demonstrators blackening Hindi and English road signs were also published in media reports in October 2017 here, here, here, here and here.

Below is a screenshot comparison of the images shared in the misleading Facebook post (top) and the corresponding images published in 2017 (bottom):

Image comparing screenshot

The Hindustan Times also published a report on the demonstration here on November 7, 2017. The report states two Punjabi Sikh protesters were arrested.


Indian farmers protests