Reports of 'Myanmar junta attack' show old footage from Cambodia
A video has been viewed hundreds of thousands of times in Facebook and TikTok posts that claim it shows a burning village in Myanmar in October 2021. However, the video -- which social media users mistook for a Burmese army attack on Thantlang town -- shows a fire in Cambodia in 2019.
The video, which shows plumes of smoke rising from burning buildings, was shared on October 31 in a Facebook post, where it has been viewed more than 290,000 times.
After around thirty seconds, the video cuts to a different clip of people crying.
The Facebook post features Burmese-language hashtags which read: "#HappeningRightNowinReality" and "#InMyanmar".
The post circulated as local media and witnesses reported that junta troops shelled the town of Thantlang after a confrontation with a local defense force.
A fire then engulfed the town, destroying dozens of homes and structures.
AFP could not independently verify the reports from the remote region.
So-called "people's defense forces" (PDF) have sprung up across the country to take on the junta -- which seized power in February's coup -- escalating attacks and bloody reprisals.
"I am so sorry we can't do anything for Thantlang except speak out", one social media user commented on the Facebook post.
However, the video has been shared in the wrong context.
Buildings on fire
Keyword searches found the clip of the buildings on fire posted on Facebook on October 31, 2019 by a Cambodia-based account.
The video's Khmer-language caption reads: "Fire occurs at Loeu Market in Kampong Som".
Kampong Som is a coastal city in Cambodia.
Below is a screenshot comparison of the video shared in misleading posts (left) and in the 2019 Facebook post (right).
An AFP journalist in Phnom Penh said that people in the video can be heard speaking in Khmer.
Identical images of the fire were published in a report by Cambodian news site Knongsrok on the same day.
"Breaking news: please help to share! This time, Loeu Market was destroyed by fire seriously!" the report reads.
AFP ran keyword searches on the latter part of the video, which shows people crying, and found it circulating online months before the reported attack in Thantlang town in October.
The clip was shared on May 5 in a Burmese-language Facebook post that reads: "On May 2, 2021, RCSS destroyed 44 houses in Manli village in Namtu township".
RCSS refers to Restoration Council of Shan State, an ethnic armed organisation based in eastern Myanmar.
Below is a screenshot comparison of the video with the false claim (left) and the video from May 2019 (right).