The footage of Syed Ali Shah Geelani is actually from April 2018

A Pakistani television channel shared a video on their YouTube channel, which has more than 2.5 million followers, in early August 2019 claiming it was "breaking news" footage of Kashmiri separatist leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani under house arrest. The claim is false; the video has circulated online in reports since at least April 2018; one of Geelani’s relatives told AFP the video was filmed in April 2018 while Geelani was under house arrest.

Pakistani channel 24 News HD shared the video on its YouTube channel here, where it has been viewed more than 80,000 times since it was uploaded late August 4, 2019 -- less than an hour after senior Kashmiri politician leaders said they were placed under house arrest.

The video is headlined: "House Arrest Syed Ali Shah Geelani Challenges To Indian Army". 

A red text box says "BREAKING NEWS" as a television host says: "The morale of house-arrest elderly Kashmir leader Syed Ali Geelani are still high. He asked Indian soldiers to open the door, the funeral of democracy of India is getting out."

The video then shows footage of Jammu and Kashmir-based separatist leader Syed Ali Geelani standing behind a closed door.

Below is a screenshot of the misleading YouTube video: 

Screenshot of misleading YouTube post

The same video of Geelani alongside similar claims has been posted repeatedly on social media after the Indian government put Indian-administered Kashmir under an indefinite security lockdown and scrapped the state’s special status in the early hours of August 5, 2019. 

Here is an AFP report published on August 5 about the developments.

The 45-second video video was published in this Facebook post on August  5, 2019, where it has been viewed more than 31,000 times.

The Hindi-language caption of the post translates to English as: “Open the doors, I will not fly, The funeral of India's democracy is underway. Heart wrenching video of house arrested Senior Freedom Fighter of Kashmir Mr. Syed Ali Geelani. A big Shame on India!
#kashmirSos #freeKashmir #terroristIndia”.

Below is a screenshot of the misleading post:

Screenshot of the misleading post

The same video was published here on August 6, 2019 on Twitter with an Urdu-language caption making a similar claim.

Other Pakistan media organisations also shared the same video of Geelani in reports in August 2019, without stating the video was from 2018, for example here on the Facebook page for Pakistani news site The Times of Karachi.

The claim is misleading; the video has circulated online in reports since at least April 2018.

A reverse image search on Google using keyframes from the misleading video obtained through video verification tool InVID found this video published on the official YouTube channel for Kashmir-based English-language newspaper Greater Kashmir on April 4, 2018.

The video’s title states: “Open the door, I won’t fly away: Geelani to police after they bolt door from outside.”

The video in the misleading posts corresponds with the Greater Kashmir video from the 27 seconds mark to the one minute 12 seconds mark.

Below is a screenshot comparison of the video in the misleading posts (L) and the Greater Kashmir video (R):

A screenshot comparison of the video in the misleading posts (L) and the Greater Kashmir video (R)

Ruwa Shah, a family member of the separatist leader from Kashmir told AFP in a text message that the video was filmed in April 2018. 

"This is an old video from April 2018, when Geelani was placed under house arrest," she said.

Supriya Batra