The best way to remove a tick is with fine-tipped tweezers, not soap and a cotton ball
An image has been shared tens of thousands of times on Facebook alongside claims that doctors believe "the best way" to remove ticks from your skin is by using soap and a cotton ball. However, Health Canada, the Ontario Ministry of Health and the Canadian Lyme Disease Foundation actually say the best way to remove ticks is with fine-tipped tweezers.
As concerns about tick season were reported in Canadian media, social media posts about tick removal started circulating, often shared with messages of concern or as an attempt to help friends or pet lovers.
For example this April 13, 2019 Facebook post has been shared more than 51,000 times.
The caption on the image states: "'I had a pediatrician tell me what she believes is the best way to remove a tick.' Apply a glob of liquid soap to a cotton ball. Cover the tick with the soap-soaked cotton ball and swab it for a few seconds (15-20); the tick will come out on its own and be stuck to the cotton ball when you lift it away."
Below is a screenshot of the post:
However, health officials in Canada have actually stated that the best way to remove ticks is with fine-tipped tweezers.
This the official advice on the Health Canada website about removing ticks.
It says: "Using clean tweezers, grasp the head as close to the skin as possible and slowly pull straight out. Try not to twist or crush the tick."
This is the official advice on ticks from the Ontario government.
Below is a screenshot of the advice:
Liam Remillard, from the Canadian Lyme Disease Research Network, also told AFP by email that the soap technique described in the Facebook post "is not the approved tick removal method endorsed by both the Government of Canada and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention."
Jim Wilson, President of the Canadian Lyme Disease Foundation, told AFP by email: "We do not recommend this soap and cotton ball method."
David Jensen, a media relations coordinator from Ontario's Ministry of Health, told AFP by email.
"Lyme bacteria can pass from the tick into your bloodstream if you crush or damage the tick while removing it," he stated. "This is why you should pull the tick straight out with fine-tipped tweezers."
This page on the Canadian government's website states Lyme disease, spread by the bite of infected ticks, is a threat in Canada.
This government report shows that cases of Lyme disease have risen from 144 in 2009 to 2,025 cases in 2017.